the process whereby a society moves from one based in rural culture and an agrarian economy to one based in cities; the development of urban lifestyles closely related to industrialisation.
'Although cities have always been socially, politically and economically important, the urbanization of industrial Western societies in the nineteenth century was very rapid: for example, in the United Kingdom in 1800 some 24 per cent of the population was urban, while by 1900 it was 77 per cent.'
Urbanization. (2006). In B. Turner, N. Abercrombie & S. Hill, The Penguin dictionary of sociology. London, UK: Penguin. Retrieved from http://ezproxy.kingston.ac.uk/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com.ezproxy.kingston.ac.uk/content/entry/penguinsoc/urbanization/0